The (last known) location of the gateway will be stored in the database. When the gateway is equipped with a GPS, its location will be automatically updated after every stats update in case it has changed. Else, it can be manually set when creating or updating the gateway.
ChirpStack Network Server exposes the gateway statistics on a pre-configured aggregation intervals (see Configuration). By default these intervals are configured to: minute, hour, day and month.
If a Gateway Profile is assigned to the gateway, ChirpStack Network Server will push configuration updates to the gateway to keep its channel-plan in sync with the configuration of the network. This is triggered when ChirpStack Network Server receives gateway statistics (which also contains the current configuration version of the gateway). If there is new version of the configuration available, then it will be pushed by ChirpStack Network Server to the gateway.
Note that this feature must also be configured in the ChirpStack Gateway Bridge Configuration.