The chirpstack-gateway-os-base image provides all the features and components to operate a LoRa gateway.
The ChirpStack Concentratord is an open-source concentrator daemon which is responsible for the configuration and communication with the SX1301 / SX1302 based chipset.
The chirpstack-gateway-os-full provides all the features of the chirpstack-gateway-os-base image, but also comes with ChirpStack Network Server and ChirpStack Application Server installed, including all requirements. This makes it possible to run the complete LoRaWAN® infrastructure on the gateway. This is intended for small deployments or getting started with LoRaWAN.
ChirpStack Network Server is an open-source LoRaWAN Network Server implementation.
ChirpStack Application Server is an open-source LoRaWAN Application Server and web-interface for managing the gateway, applications and devices.